Blacklisted? How to Get Reinstated

Blacklisted - How to Get ReinstatedThere is a high cost of being blacklisted.

When a lending institution loses confidence in an appraiser’s work, the bank or AMC will put them on a “do not use” list, also known as a blacklist.

In some cases, this means an appraiser has made a costly mistake. However, some banks are taking blacklisting to an extreme by treating appraisers as guilty until proven innocent without cause or reason why.

If unchallenged, this practice can be devastating because being blacklisted even once can have permanent detrimental effects on an appraiser’s career, income, and reputation.

By engaging in blacklisting lenders are trying to insulate themselves from future risks when doing business with Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. However, there is no formal review process in place to ensure these “do not use” decisions are justified. In an attempt to prove accountability to these government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs) big banks in particular are demonstrating a repeated and ongoing lack of accountability to the appraisal profession.

FREA is a membership organization that provides its Professional level members with risk management advice and has a track record of taking on issues impacting the whole real estate profession like FDIC litigation against appraisers and wrongful claim filings against home inspectors and real estate brokers and agents.

Recently, after studying the blacklisting issue and its impact on the appraisal profession, FREA began working with blacklisted appraisers who were FREA members who were trying to regain their eligible status. Aware of the many reported cases of abuse, FREA sought to find a blacklisting case involving a FREA member where ample evidence proved the appraiser was truly not at fault. When such a case came to light, FREA decided to pick up the torch for its member and the whole appraisal profession to force the bank involved to take action to correct the erroneous “do not use” decision.

The Case of Joe Appraiser

In September of 2013, Joe Appraiser (not his real name) was notified by one of the big banks that he had been placed on ineligible status due to an “Administrative Observation.” Immediately, Joe contacted the bank regarding his placement on the “do not use” list believing this was all a simple mistake. In hopes of reversing his eligibility status, Joe submitted a detailed rebuttal where he provided a line-by-line response to each alleged deficiency the reviewer found in his appraisal report.

When the bank acknowledged Joe’s “appeal”, it also notified Joe that a status review could take up to one year. At this point, Joe reached out to Brian L. Trotier, FREA’s Executive Vice President and COO, for assistance in expediting his review. Joe sent Trotier a copy of the bank’s initial notification of his new “do not use” status as well as the rebuttal correspondence Joe already sent to the bank asking for his reinstatement

“This particular bank is one of the biggest offenders of blacklisting,” Trotier said. “We were waiting for a case where we had specific facts to review and analyze. This was that case.”

After reviewing and assessing Joe’s situation, Trotier believed him to be a competent appraiser with a valid rebuttal. He also concluded the bank never read Joe’s rebuttal and, based on the one year time frame for doing so, was unlikely to reinstate Joe before his business would be permanently damaged. FREA then emailed its due process concerns about the lack of a timely review to the bank and received a form reply thanking FREA for its interest.

At this point, FREA called in attorney Todd F. Stevens who works with appraisers to enforce their appeal rights when they are blacklisted. “The bank agreed to review Joe’s appeal, but the bank indicated that it would not be something they could and/or would address right away,” Stevens said. “A timely appeal process is crucial with blacklisting because it negatively and permanently impacts an appraiser’s livelihood.”

Later in November, Trotier emailed another representative at the bank citing the severe economic consequences Joe’s business had suffered and requested a formal review of Joe’s case be granted within 30 days. The following day FREA was directed to resubmit another copy of the request to the appraisal review department, which Trotier did immediately.

Two weeks later, yet another bank representative emailed Trotier and indicated the request for expedited review of Joe’s case was being delivered to the company’s chief appraiser for a decision. After two more days, Trotier received an email from the bank, informing him that a decision on Joe’s appeal would be made within one week.

After the week passed without any decision and after submitting repeated requests to the bank about the promised review and decision, neither Joe nor FREA had received word about Joe’s change appeal. When yet another week passed and the bank had yet to deliver a resolution, Trotier took the initiative and sent one final email to the bank, indicating Joe’s intent to sue the bank for the damage to his business and professional reputation. Miraculously, the bank woke up and quickly and removed Joe from the “do not use” list.

Blacklisting is a continuing and growing problem

There are potentially thousands of appraisers who already are in the same boat Joe found himself in as a result of a bank’s failure to provide a timely, fair, and objective review of a blacklisting decision. With recent changes in quality management regulations impacting Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac directly, the number of appraisers who will end up on “do not use” lists will continue to grow unabated unless a system for a review of the decision is implemented. Since roughly 95% of all real estate appraisal business is done in conjunction with mortgage lending, there is a high cost of being blacklisted.

Now it’s your turn

We all know at least one person who has been blacklisted and refused a timely appeal. What do you think it will take for banks to treat suspected appraisers as innocent until proven guilty – instead of the other way around?

(We’ll be discussing this more in Part 2 of this two part series on blacklisting.)

Brian L. Trotrier
Latest posts by Brian L. Trotrier (see all)
Brian L. Trotrier

Brian L. Trotrier

A former practicing attorney with more than 30 years experience in real estate and risk management. The Foundation of Real Estate Associates (FREA) has specialized in providing Errors & Omissions Insurance to appraisers and home inspectors since 1993. As a membership organization with over 6,000 members, FREA is one of the largest and most well respected professional associations in the country, providing E&O Insurance for appraisers and inspectors as well as educational opportunities, member benefits, and legal support.

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3 Responses

  1. Retired Appraiser Retired Appraiser says:

    Why would you want to get reinstated?

    *Mortgage applications are now at their lowest in 2 decades.
    *The refi market was cremated over a year ago.
    *Your work load per order has doubled.
    *Your liability has increased at least five fold.
    *Your fees have decreased by 30 to 50 percent.
    *You can only market your services to banks & lawyers (thanks but no thanks)
    *You are now asked to loan your wages (what remains of them) to AMCs (who may or may not take bankruptcy at any time)

    These are not lemons that you’ve been handed to transform into lemonade boys.
    You’ve been handed piles and piles of manure. I suggest using it for fertilizer and planting your seed (talent) in new ground.

    If you are still praying for a turnaround you should go into the ministry. Anyone who has faith in this profession after 5 long years could easily move mountains, part seas, and split entire planets.

  2. Baggins Baggins says:

    Great article. You can get blacklisted for a variety of personal reasons as well, which is why a gse blacklist is walking on the razors edge. Appraisers are routinely removed from roster for being a day late and a dollar short. An upset salesman who works closely with a mortgage loan originator can spark a chain reaction of blacklisting that could go all the way to the top. That happens every day of the week in the appraisal industry. To answer the final thought of the article; What it will take is the lenders loaning their own money. The grand GSE experiment is a failure. The original mantras of these massive government organizations are not even followed any more. Bail out, bail ins, and never ending sequences of nepotism and cronyism. Nothing short of fines based on income or absence of taxpayer support will lead to lending reform. There is no rule that could be written, which will counter the burdensome influence of lending approaches where the taxpayers shelter the risk.

  3. Avatar M. Cahn says:

    My comment is, Has any headway been made since this article was written. Has the author or anyone followed up? Has anyone taken any action to make sure that appraisers are no longer placed on a blacklist without just cause? If not, why has no one has contacted state licensing departments and or professional originations like Virginia Coalition of Appraiser Professionals, or the Maryland Association of Appraisers etc.


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Blacklisted? How to Get Reinstated

by Brian L. Trotrier time to read: 4 min