USPAP Definitions of ‘His’ and ‘Her’

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USPAP Definitions of His and Her, The New ‘Misleading’ DebacleThe USPAP Exposure Draft Process Continues To Step Outside Their Purpose With Her / Him as the new ‘Misleading’ Debacle

The general idea of definitions added to USPAP was supposed to be industry-specific nomenclature. Because ASB doesn’t have policy writers nor does legal counsel review their work, we get a lot of garbage embedded into the document. And then it often gets removed because it was never correct, to begin with. This garbage in/out process is by design. There is no incentive for the technical boards (AQB, ASB) to get it right. This way USPAP can continue to be arbitrarily updated every two years so that TAF can be “financially independent” by charging appraisers for USPAP when it could be free.

And now we get another exposure draft with another one close behind.

Those process missteps to create ridiculous definitions should be looked at closely. It’s a disservice to appraisers nationwide. “Misleading” was particularly egregious.


Definition of Misleading

MISLEADING: Intentionally or unintentionally misrepresenting, misstating, or concealing relevant facts of conclusions.

Definition of Relevant Characteristics

RELEVANT CHARACTERISTICS: features that maa affect a property’s value or marketability such as legal, economic, or physical characteristics.

Definition of Personal Inspection

PERSONAL INSPECTIONS: a physical observation performed to assist in identifying relevant property characteristics in a valuation service.

Comment: An appraiser’s inspection is typically limited to those things readily observable without the use of special testing or equipment. Appraisals of some types of property, such as gems and jewelry, may require the use of specialized equipment. An inspection by an appraiser is not the equivalent of an inspection by an inspection professional (e.g., a structural engineer, home inspector, or art conservator). 18

Footnote 18. See Advisory Opinion 2, Inspection of Subject Property

Unbelievably, does the definition of ‘Appraiser’ really need to be modified?


Definition of Appraiser

APPRAISER: one who is expected to perform valuation services competently and in a manner that is independent, impartial, and objective.

Comment: Such expectation occurs when individuals, either by choice or by requirement placed upon them or upon the service they provide by law, regulation, or agreement with the client or intended users, represent that they comply.19

Footnote19: See PREAMBLE and Advisory Opinion 21, USPAP Compliance.

Definition of Assignment Elements

ASSIGNMENT ELEMENTS: specific information needed to identify the appraisal or appraisal review problem: client and any other intended users; intended use of the appraiser’s opinions and conclusions; type and definition of value; effective date of the appraiser’s opinions and conclusions; subject of the assignment and its relevant characteristics; and assignment conditions.

Definition of Workfile

WORKFILE: data, information, and documentation necessary to support the appraiser’s opinions and conclusions and to show compliance with USPAP. 20


And now USPAP is wading into definitions of ‘His’ and ‘Her’ which begs the question, what does this have to do with USPAP?


Definitions of His or Her

HIS OR HER: Traditional gender-related pronouns, such as “he”, “his”, “him”, “himself”, or “she”, “her” or “herself”, are to be construed as gender neutral and include persons who identify themselves as non-binary, e.g., agender, bigender.

Good grief.

Again, this silly exposure draft process is being maintained to keep the cash flowing into TAF from the hard-working appraisers they are supposed to represent. It’s all about money and avoiding accountability.

Jonathan Miller
Latest posts by Jonathan Miller (see all)
Image credit flickr - Ivan Radic
Jonathan Miller

Jonathan Miller

Jonathan Miller is President and CEO of Miller Samuel Inc., a real estate appraisal and consulting firm he co-founded in 1986. He is a state-certified real estate appraiser in New York and Connecticut, performing court testimony as an expert witness in various local, state and federal courts.

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16 Responses

  1. Avatar Daniel Williams says:

    Good grief is right. Retirement cannot come fast enough!

    • Avatar don silva says:

      This is all out of control and pure nonsense that has no bearing on value.

  2. Avatar E J says:

    Two more months for me & I’m outta here !

    • Avatar don silva says:

      praise the lord for you, i left in January 21, nonsense and destructive behavior going on now, and not about the appraisal profession for the good.

  3. Avatar Dave Towne says:

    Jonathan is correct. This is ridiculous: HIS OR HER: Traditional gender-related pronouns, such as “he”, “his”, “him”, “himself”, or “she”, “her” or “herself”, are to be construed as gender neutral and include persons who identify themselves as non-binary, e.g., agender, bigender.

    USPAP primary Standards are not written using pronouns. Where these are used is elsewhere in ‘the book.’ Rather than ‘define’ the pronouns to appease those who might be offended, just replace all references in ‘the book’ to “the appraiser.” Simple.

  4. Avatar DianaN. says:

    Good Grief Charley Brown it’s getting worse and worse and easier and easier to retire after 48 years in the business.

  5. Avatar Mary says:

    OMG lets all clap for them being politically CORRECT with this totally useless definition. Him/Her to be considered gender neutral? REALLY? Sure they can say it INCLUDES persons who identify as non binary, but unless we want to just get rid of Him / Her/ His / Hers / Himself / Herself from the dictionary, they cannot tell us these words mean gender neutral.These words means Male or Female period!Lets just describe everyone as THAT person! This is off the rails.

    • Avatar don silva says:

      Or as in Star Trek of a few years ago, when 7 0f 9 refers to humans–male or female as ””CARBON UNITS”’.

  6. Avatar Seneca says:

    Who cares. I have never used these any of these pronouns in any of my work in the first place. None of this matters. You people getting worked up over nothing. Live & Let Live.

    • Avatar E J says:

      I can’t remember using any either, it’s more about TAF being idiots.

    • Baggins Baggins says:

      The problem with constantly changing ethics is that if radical ideas are injected which may conflict with the moral standards of the majority, then it’s not ethic, but rather activism, forcing otherwise unwelcome views on others. Basic philosophical principals. Who do these people think they’re representing?

      This appears to also be a setup to eliminate personal inspections and accountability completely. Is REVAA rewriting the ethic book now? Daring to read the content is like voluntarily taking two more ethics classes every cycle without the CE credit.

      • Avatar don says:

        Isn’t about a fifth of our nation subject to the Napoleonic code where gender was written into the laws? Aren’t we already having a national crisis, and some theroestists are trying to add genders?
        I can’t be neutral, can you?

    • Avatar JohnnyQ says:

      I don’t think it refers to appraisal reporting. Rather, it addresses the use of pronouns within USPAP. Anyhow, what happened to good, old fashioned It?As non binary as it can be.

  7. Avatar David Eigenbrode says:

    I’m done after 29+ years…Too much BS…
    I’m putting my toes in the water, my ass in the sand, and cigar in one hand, cold beer in the other…
    AMF to the AMC’s!!!!


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USPAP Definitions of ‘His’ and ‘Her’

by Jonathan Miller time to read: 2 min